Most of Cambodia's population live in the fertile central plain, where extensive rice fields are irrigated by the waters of the Mekong River and Tonle Sap (the Great Lake). Towards the north east and south west the land rises and becomes thickly forested in the moist tropical climate.
The two major cities of Siem Reap and Phnom Phen are connected by the mighty Mekong River, which eventually flows to the Vietnamese city of Saigon and Out to the South China Sea. The river is a main artery for goods and people and is a popular cruising option for overseas visitors.
Apart from tourism and agriculture, Cambodia's main industry is textiles and investment and output has boomed in the last 10 years. Garments made in Cambodia can be found in shops all round the world.
Size: 180,000 square kilometres
Population: 15 million
Capital: Phnom Penh
Languages: Kmer with some French and English in the main centres
Religion: 96% Buddhist. 2% Muslim
Land borders: Thailand, Laos, Vietnam
Climate: Tropical climate with reasonably constant year round temperature. Most rain falls in May to October when it is also more humid. Click here to contact one of our consultants for more information on when and where to travel.
Money: The Riel. However, US dollars are extensively used and universally accepted - although change is usually given in the local currency. ATMs are available in most major cities.
Tipping: Not expected but Cambodian wages are low and small tips are always welcome. Most temples have a voluntary collection box for visitors.
Formalities: 30 day visas can be purchased on arrival. Check Cambodian Embassy website for up-to-date information before travelling.
Travel advice: The Foreign and Commonwealth Office produce up-to-date information on countries around the world. This which can be checked on www.fco.gov.uk